Ecuador

According to Art.23 of the Reformative Organic Law of the mining law of 2013, it is one that exceeds the maximum volumes established for the medium-mining modality.

According to Art.23 of the Reformative Organic Law of the mining law of 2013, it is one that, because of the size of the deposits depending on the type of metallic and non-metallic mineral substances, has quantified reserves that they allow to exploit them above the volume of processing established for the special regime of small mining and up to the volume established in the following articles:

Illegal mining is one that does not have the corresponding permits and requirements and that, for characteristics (type of production, location of the operation) can not be formalised; while informal mining is one that, having the technical characteristics that correspond to its scale, requires regularising its situation to operate legally.

According to Art.26 of the Reformative Organic Law of the mining law of 2013, is: that which, due to the characteristics and geological mining conditions of the deposits of metallic, non-metallic mineral substances and construction materials, as well as its technical and economic parameters, makes its rational explotation viable directly, without prejudice to the fact that Exploration tasks precede it, or exploration and explotation tasks are carried out simultaneously.

According to Art.24 os the Reformative Organic Law of the mining law of 2013, are: "popular economic units, single-person, family and domestic undertakings that perform work in free areas. Which are characterised by the use of machinery and equipment with limited capacities of load and production (...), whose commercialisation in general allows to cover the needs of the community, of the persons or family group that carries them out, only, within the territorial circumscription in respect of which the corresponding permit has been granted.

The following chart summarizes the categorisation of Ecuadorian mining: