On January 24 the seminar "Towards a socially responsible and inclusive mining" was held, with the aim of addressing the current challenges that mining faces in its interaction processes with the local population and their respective communities. The event was attended by 12 public, private and civil society organisations such as Minera Cerro Verde, Centre for Responsible Mineral Development - RMD, Solidaridad and others.
21st century: The new times of the mining industry
The first panel aimed to highlight the importance of the mining industry to quickly execute ambitious environmental protection and stewardship plans in response to current society demands to improve competitiveness through new technologies.
The participation of women in mining
The second panel was focused on analysing the gender gaps in small, medium and large mining, as well as the actions that are taken to reduce inequality in the sector. In this sense, the specialist in Artisanal and Small Scale Mining (ASM) of the international organisation Solidaridad, Jonathan Jaramillo, highlighted the importance of the baseline study "Pallaqueras: between stones and gold", developed in collaboration with Redes de Desarrollo Social (Red Social), strategic partner for the preparation of gold.
Jaramillo indicated that there was no way to integrate Pallaqueras into the formalisation process and that the study was an advance in identifying women in the ASM sector in Arequipa, Ayacucho and Puno with further opportunity to expand to other mining regions. Additionally, he stressed that a criterion regarding formalization should be the closing of gender gaps in mining, which require the participation of the State and private companies.
With respect to medium and large scale mining, both the representative of Cerro Verde, Julia Torreblanca, and the consultant Gladys Márquez, agreed that women are still perceived as a complementary workforce with little presence in strategic positions of the company, representing an important challenge to work with goals and challenges to participate actively in the economy.
Including indigenous communities in mining
The third panel addressed the strategic importance of building citizenship and promoting social development from a multicultural perspective. As part of this, it was considered relevant that the State guarantees compliance with the laws to provide welfare to the communities that are in dialogue processes and social license, since at present the mining companies have assumed responsibilities in which the State participated with greater leadership.
The Social Responsibility of the State, companies and civil society
The fourth panel was in charge of analysing initiatives to promote development in communities based on community relations. Although there are good collaborative experiences between regional governments, communities, companies and international cooperation, efforts must aim for a permanent and consensual participation to prevent situations of social conflict regarding matters such as environment, gender, territoriality and others.
Improving communication in community relations
Finally, the presentation and delivery of the "relationship and communication tools kit for a responsible mining exploration" was prepared by the Dialogue, Mining and Sustainable Development Group. "It is important to know that mining exploration phase is vital because they are the first to have contact with the community, allowing for a appropriate communication and relationship process that does not affect the development of the industry," said Bernarda Elizalde, Co-founder of the Centre for Responsible Mineral Development (RMD).
According to the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Arequipa (CCIA), the Arequipa Region is of great importance. According to MEM estimates, investment in mining exploration in this region will be $ 32.8 million. This amount represents 10.7% of the total exploration portfolio. In addition, the mining investment expected until the year 2025 would be $ 5.6 billion, representing 9.7% of the total Peruvian portfolio.
Source | PIM
Source | PIM